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  • It is a known fact that majority of the SMEs use obsolete technologies because of their inability or having inadequate finance to go for new technologies. As per the statistics, SMEs are the major source of environmental pollution (70%). This is very alarming figure and, hence , necessitates that SMEs should be made aware of this act. They must care for the environment and adopt green business practices. Wellbeing of the environment should well be taken into consideration by SMEs while developing their business strategy (International Society for SMEs, 2019). This survey, thus, will be useful in understanding the landscape in the SMEs engagement in climate change, their preparedness, and help KIE to develop practical measures to support them to actively participate in national and sub-national dialogue and response processes......   [ ....... ]
  • The question on the link between climate change and conflicts in the Horn of Africa has constantly come up as a factor in conflict and climate change dynamics at the regional and international levels. In order to address this matter, FES and PACJA have begun to engage stakeholders in the Horn of Africa to unpack the complexity of conflict and its relationship with climate change – how conflicts transcend borders and generally how the two issues can be weaved together. [ ....... ]
  • Introduction Climate Finance Thematic Working Group (TWG) was formed to ensure accountability and to facilitate monitoring and tracking of climate finance flow in Kenya. Under the Kenya National Platform on Climate Governance, the group seeks to involve other civil society organizations and non-state actors in understanding and facilitating cross cutting information on Climate Finance Governance in Kenya.  With support from CARE Kenya, TWG held a workshop in Taita Taveta County with an aim of enhancing capacities of the stakeholders on climate finance governance and improving their readiness for the green climate fund (GCF). The workshop spurred conversations on policies, legislations and laws that are relevant in the climate finance space, nationally and at the county level.  The workshop identified the viable points of synergy that can ensure proper and effective linkages between the National Climate Change Action Plan [II] and Taita Taveta County Integrated Development Plan. The Integrated Programme to Build Resilience to Climate Change and Adaptive Capacity of Vulnerable Communities in Kenya: A case of Taita Taveta  The Adaptation Fund Programme is designed to enhance resilience and adaptive capacity to climate change in Taita Taveta County. The project aims to help communities within the county to respond to effects [ ....... ]
  • Energy is the key component in the mitigation response to combatting climate change. If dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate is to be avoided this century, a worldwide transition to renewable energy sources needs to take place urgently. The African continent is facing a particularly key moment in its development pathway, with a stark choice to be made between either following the same highcarbon path pursued by industrialized countries, or concentrating its growth on low-carbon climate resilient development. Demand for energy is exploding in Africa, as countries develop economically and per capita energy use rises as per capita incomes grow1. The continent has the natural resources required to provide renewable sources of energy, some of which are already being exploited. Global investments in renewable energy grew by 32 per cent between 2009 and 2010, to a record US$211 billion, with countries in Africa posting the highest percentage increase of all developing regions (excluding the emerging economies of Brazil, China and India). However there are still significant obstacles to the large scale and widespread provision of clean energy in Africa and a worrying dependence on fossil fuels remains. To transform the continent, economic growth must be decarbonized, which will require transformation [ ....... ]
  • In Kitui County, mainstreaming EbA into policy will promote integrated approach to climate change impacts and can robustly address both the climatic extreme events and sustainability issues. The key purpose of mainstreaming is to achieve the goals of ensuring healthy and productive ecosystems and promote adaptation practices as part of overall development interventions. [ ....... ]
  • There is growing recognition of the role that well-managed ecosystems can play in supporting adaptation - through increasing resilience and decreasing vulnerability of people and their livelihoods to the impacts of climate change. Well-managed ecosystems have a greater potential to adapt to climate change, resist and recover more easily from extreme weather events, and provide a wide range of benefits on which people depend. In contrast, poorly managed, fragmented and degraded ecosystems can increase the vulnerability of people and nature to the impacts of climate change. [ ....... ]
  • Globally, forest area is decreasing at a most recently reported annual rate of 3.3 million hectares from 2010 to 2015 (Garzuglia, 2018). Forest play a major role as carbon pools, deforestation and forest degradation leads to greenhouse gas emissions as well as reduces the capacity of forests to sequester carbon, thus enhancing global warming.Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation and the role of conservation, sustainable forest management and enhancement of the carbon stocks in developing countries (REDD+) refer to box 1 is a financial incentive-based climate change mitigation initiative designed to compensate national governments and sub-national actors in return for demonstrable reduction in carbon emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (UNFCCC 2010). REDD+ can support countries in ensuring sustainable forest management, and provide incentives to address some of the main drivers of deforestation and forest degradation, such as slash-and-burn agriculture (shifting cultivation) and unsustainable and inefficient production and utilization of wood fuel. [ ....... ]
  • Ecosystem-based adaptation (EBA) has generally been defined as the use of biodiversity and ecosystem services as part of the overall adaptation strategy to help people adapt to the adverse effects of climate change (SCBD, 2009). In the context of agricultural systems and natural resource protection, EBA is the employment of sustainable agricultural management practices that can make use of or take advantage of biological diversities, ecosystem services or ecological processes to help increase the ability of crops or livestock to adapt to climate variability and change (Jackson et al., 2010). EbA is increasingly being incorporated into national climate policies and the international climate debate as a viable yet to date largely under-utilized strategy for adapting to climate change. EbA is centred on biological approaches to soil erosion prevention, restoration and conservation aimed at maintaining ground cover to protect the soil service living bushes and grasses to build up terraces. It involves farmers, local communities in the design, implementation and maintenance of conservation schemes and provide economic benefits to them through higher crop yields.There has been increasing severity of arid and semiarid conditions in some parts of Tharaka Nithi County over the past decade (Nderitu et al, 2016). This may be [ ....... ]
  • À l’échelle mondiale, la superficie forestière diminue au taux annuel le plus récent de 3,3 millions d’hectares entre 2010 et 2015 (Garzuglia, 2018). Les forêts jouent un rôle majeur en tant que réservoirs de carbone, la déforestation et la dégradation des forêts entraînent des émissions de gaz à effet de serre et réduisent la capacité des forêts à séquestrer le carbone, renforçant ainsi le réchauffement climatique.La réduction des émissions résultant du déboisement et de la dégradation des forêts et le rôle de la conservation, de la gestion durable des forêts et du renforcement des stocks de carbone dans les pays en développement (REDD+) (voir encadré 1) est une initiative d’atténuation du changement climatique fondée sur des incitations financières conçues pour compenser les gouvernements nationaux et les acteurs sous-nationaux en échange de la réduction évidente des émissions de carbone dues à la déforestation et la dégradation forestière (CCNUCC 2010). REDD+ peut aider les pays à assurer une gestion durable des forêts et fournir des incitations pour s’attaquer à certains des principaux moteurs du déboisement et de la dégradation des forêts, tels que l’agriculture itinérante et la production et l’utilisation non durables et inefficaces du bois de feu. [ ....... ]
  • PACJA’s new strategic plan for the period 2016-2020 reflects the growing mandate of the Alliance, which is seeking to conductinterventions across the environment sector to promote stronger people-centred, pro-poor perspectives on the SustainableDevelopment Goals (SDGs) and the the Paris Agreement. 2015 is a pivotal year for advocacy on both climate justice and the root,underlying causes of vulnerability.The PACJA Strategic Plan 2016-2020 has been prepared through extensive consultation with the member organizations as well as withfunding partners and other key stakeholders, culminating in a two-day workshop in Nairobi in July 2015, in which forty-three membersparticipated. At the workshop an overall PACJA goal was formulated as follows: to mobilize and empower African civil society toensure realization of environmental and climate justice for all people in Africa. [ ....... ]

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