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  • Energy is the key component in the mitigation response to combatting climate change. If dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate is to be avoided this century, a worldwide transition to renewable energy sources needs to take place urgently. The African continent is facing a particularly key moment in its development pathway, with a stark choice to be made between either following the same highcarbon path pursued by industrialized countries, or concentrating its growth on low-carbon climate resilient development. Demand for energy is exploding in Africa, as countries develop economically and per capita energy use rises as per capita incomes grow1. The continent has the natural resources required to provide renewable sources of energy, some of which are already being exploited. Global investments in renewable energy grew by 32 per cent between 2009 and 2010, to a record US$211 billion, with countries in Africa posting the highest percentage increase of all developing regions (excluding the emerging economies of Brazil, China and India). However there are still significant obstacles to the large scale and widespread provision of clean energy in Africa and a worrying dependence on fossil fuels remains. To transform the continent, economic growth must be decarbonized, which will require transformation [ ....... ]
  • In Kitui County, mainstreaming EbA into policy will promote integrated approach to climate change impacts and can robustly address both the climatic extreme events and sustainability issues. The key purpose of mainstreaming is to achieve the goals of ensuring healthy and productive ecosystems and promote adaptation practices as part of overall development interventions. [ ....... ]
  • There is growing recognition of the role that well-managed ecosystems can play in supporting adaptation - through increasing resilience and decreasing vulnerability of people and their livelihoods to the impacts of climate change. Well-managed ecosystems have a greater potential to adapt to climate change, resist and recover more easily from extreme weather events, and provide a wide range of benefits on which people depend. In contrast, poorly managed, fragmented and degraded ecosystems can increase the vulnerability of people and nature to the impacts of climate change. [ ....... ]
  • Globally, forest area is decreasing at a most recently reported annual rate of 3.3 million hectares from 2010 to 2015 (Garzuglia, 2018). Forest play a major role as carbon pools, deforestation and forest degradation leads to greenhouse gas emissions as well as reduces the capacity of forests to sequester carbon, thus enhancing global warming.Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation and the role of conservation, sustainable forest management and enhancement of the carbon stocks in developing countries (REDD+) refer to box 1 is a financial incentive-based climate change mitigation initiative designed to compensate national governments and sub-national actors in return for demonstrable reduction in carbon emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (UNFCCC 2010). REDD+ can support countries in ensuring sustainable forest management, and provide incentives to address some of the main drivers of deforestation and forest degradation, such as slash-and-burn agriculture (shifting cultivation) and unsustainable and inefficient production and utilization of wood fuel. [ ....... ]
  • Ecosystem-based adaptation (EBA) has generally been defined as the use of biodiversity and ecosystem services as part of the overall adaptation strategy to help people adapt to the adverse effects of climate change (SCBD, 2009). In the context of agricultural systems and natural resource protection, EBA is the employment of sustainable agricultural management practices that can make use of or take advantage of biological diversities, ecosystem services or ecological processes to help increase the ability of crops or livestock to adapt to climate variability and change (Jackson et al., 2010). EbA is increasingly being incorporated into national climate policies and the international climate debate as a viable yet to date largely under-utilized strategy for adapting to climate change. EbA is centred on biological approaches to soil erosion prevention, restoration and conservation aimed at maintaining ground cover to protect the soil service living bushes and grasses to build up terraces. It involves farmers, local communities in the design, implementation and maintenance of conservation schemes and provide economic benefits to them through higher crop yields.There has been increasing severity of arid and semiarid conditions in some parts of Tharaka Nithi County over the past decade (Nderitu et al, 2016). This may be [ ....... ]
  • À l’échelle mondiale, la superficie forestière diminue au taux annuel le plus récent de 3,3 millions d’hectares entre 2010 et 2015 (Garzuglia, 2018). Les forêts jouent un rôle majeur en tant que réservoirs de carbone, la déforestation et la dégradation des forêts entraînent des émissions de gaz à effet de serre et réduisent la capacité des forêts à séquestrer le carbone, renforçant ainsi le réchauffement climatique.La réduction des émissions résultant du déboisement et de la dégradation des forêts et le rôle de la conservation, de la gestion durable des forêts et du renforcement des stocks de carbone dans les pays en développement (REDD+) (voir encadré 1) est une initiative d’atténuation du changement climatique fondée sur des incitations financières conçues pour compenser les gouvernements nationaux et les acteurs sous-nationaux en échange de la réduction évidente des émissions de carbone dues à la déforestation et la dégradation forestière (CCNUCC 2010). REDD+ peut aider les pays à assurer une gestion durable des forêts et fournir des incitations pour s’attaquer à certains des principaux moteurs du déboisement et de la dégradation des forêts, tels que l’agriculture itinérante et la production et l’utilisation non durables et inefficaces du bois de feu. [ ....... ]
  • PACJA’s new strategic plan for the period 2016-2020 reflects the growing mandate of the Alliance, which is seeking to conductinterventions across the environment sector to promote stronger people-centred, pro-poor perspectives on the SustainableDevelopment Goals (SDGs) and the the Paris Agreement. 2015 is a pivotal year for advocacy on both climate justice and the root,underlying causes of vulnerability.The PACJA Strategic Plan 2016-2020 has been prepared through extensive consultation with the member organizations as well as withfunding partners and other key stakeholders, culminating in a two-day workshop in Nairobi in July 2015, in which forty-three membersparticipated. At the workshop an overall PACJA goal was formulated as follows: to mobilize and empower African civil society toensure realization of environmental and climate justice for all people in Africa. [ ....... ]
  • Energy is the key component in the mitigation response to combatting climate change. If dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate is to be avoided this century, a worldwide transition to renewable energy sources needs to take place urgently. The African continent is facing a particularly key moment in itsdevelopment pathway, with a stark choice to be made between either following the same highcarbon path pursued by industrialized countries, or concentrating its growth on low-carbon climate resilient development. [ ....... ]
    Tags:Energy
  • Following the adoption and unprecedentedly rapid entry into force of the PA, Parties have less than two years—till December 2018—to translate the political consensus of Paris into tangible steps toward implementation. Negotiators must develop a Paris “rule book” to guide implementation, and the results of their efforts could either underpin actionable outcomes or undermine the objectives of the PA.1 The Paris rule book will be a critical tool to guide Parties in fulfilling their requirements under the Agreement. [ ....... ]
  • There is need to mainstream adaptation to climate change into development, planning and sectorial decision making for better and faster response to climate change. Both mitigation of and adaptation to climate change requires actions to be taken in many sectors of society, but so far this is hardly happening. This policy brief suggests possibilities of widening climate change policy by strengthening inter-linkages between climate policies and the climate change act of Kenya. [ ....... ]

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