Contact Person: Sam Ogallah
Partner: GermanWatch and CARE Germany
This project seeks to scale-up existing CS capacities to advocate for ambitious proposals, bring on-the-ground expertise to the table, help embed GCF-funded activities in a broader societal support for transformation and increase accountability of national authorities underscoring the reality that Civil Society engagement is key to achieve the intended paradigm shift towards low-emissions and climate-resilient economies and societies (GCF funding mandate) which the GCF aims at.
The project aims to support broader African CS engagement in the critical early implementation phase of the GCF beyond existing capacities. The project consists of three work areas:
1. Preparing/testing readiness materials facilitating CSO engagement;
2. Supporting CSO engagement in key African countries (primarily those with early GCF projects);
3. Sharing of experiences at regional and global scale supporting expanded CSO engagement in Africa and beyond.
It is implemented in Malawi, Ghana, Kenya, Senegal, Morocco. The project is implemented through a consortium which PACJA is part of with GermanWatch and CARE Germany leading the process.
Enhanced capacity among Civil Society Organizations that enables them engage in a critical and constructive way with governments and relevant institutions in order to contribute to an increase of the transformative effect of GCF projects.
Contact Person: Samson Ogallah
PACT (Project for Advancing Climate Transparency) works towards advancing the development of robust and effective transparency and accountability rules and processes for the Paris Agreement.
It seeks to develop options and approaches for the transparency framework, building consensus among parties and providing relevant and timely inputs to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) negotiations.
The project is implemented through a global PACT Consortium led by World Resources Institute (WRI), and will deliver the following:
- Conduct rigorous research and analysis of technical, policy, legal and political considerations related to the development of the transparency and accountability regime of the Paris Agreement.
- Hold national, regional and international meetings with a wide range of targeted stakeholders to further inform and enhance this research and analysis, while building capacity and awareness among key stakeholders.
- Undertake actions to enhance the in-country capacity of developing countries, including middle-income developing countries, to ensure their full participation in UNFCCC decision-making processes and improvement over time in the quality of the information they submit to the UNFCCC.
Expected project outcomes
- A set of options and approaches for the modalities, procedures, and guidelines (MPGs) for transparency under the Paris Agreement
- Specific text proposals, including legal text
- Enhanced country capacities
- Stakeholder engagement through national, regional and international meetings
The GCF, established by the international community as a financial arrangement to support climate action under the United Nations Climate Change Convention (UNFCCC) is still in its initial stages of being set up.
Various processes are being undertaken at the fund to set up working efficient and supportive structures that will deliver on the mandate of the fund.
The GCF is supposed to ensure that climate change finances promote ownership by individual target countries result in transformation at the country and community level, cause long-term impacts that are sustainable and come accompanied with environmental, economic and social benefits.
Although the GCF is still in its initial stages of setting up, the GCF Board together with stakeholders such as Civil Society Organizations are working tirelessly to inform this process in a bid to have a global fund with both global and efficient standards that make it possible for developing countries impacted by climate change to access financing.
It is these financial resources that enable the addressing of climate change impacts through coping and combating climate change.
“How does Africa own the GCF process and benefit as well?”
This is a million-dollar question for African countries. One that needs to be answered with supportive insights by African leadership and all African stakeholders.
At the 17th Board meeting of the GCF in Songdo, Korea, a report on Readiness and Preparatory Support Work Programme; a programme that aims to facilitate through provision of financing developing countries understanding of the GCF process, be involved and as well set up nationally required structures to enable accessing of fiancé by countries; shared by the GCF Secretariat caught my attention.
The report showed that there exist 42 approved Readiness support projects by the GCF that total to an amount of USD12.9M. 42 countries stand to benefit. This financing flows to the country through either the National Designated Authority or Focal point office and intends to support country project(s) development, national stakeholder engagement, strengthening of the capacity of accredited entities, the GCF preparatory process in African countries and development of adaptation planning process.
Successful climate actions in developing countries are a mix of both innovative ideas generated through multi-stakeholder consultative process involving also accredited entities from concept generation, development, design and implementation.
Good practice dictates that involvement is necessary to facilitate ownership. Moreover, having agreed upon actions by all involved parties provides the society an opportunity to make all-inclusive decisions that are binding assuring security and sustainability of country actions. Informed by this, the NDA or Focal Point who play the role of coordinating country GCF engagement has a mandate to ensure good practice to facilitate ownership.
Setting up National Coordination Mechanism with representation from all stakeholder and as well initiating formal consultations with stakeholders are ways to enable meaningful engagement.
This will demonstrate country ownership and acceptance of climate interventions at the country level. With such arrangement, participation and partnerships are forged in country programming that entails identification of a country’s priority areas, project preparation process at both design, development and implementation level and country preparation for the GCF process.
With continuous engagement, country ownership is facilitated and made a reality.
In the just concluded 17th Board Meeting of the Green Climate Fund, Country Ownership was laid emphasis on.
It was within the agenda as ‘Country Ownership Guidelines’ and was as well discussed. The Country Ownership Guidelines document had been presented to the board multiple times and its presentation in BM 17 with no much difference in comparison to the earlier version was of disappointment with CSO communicating that it ‘re-stated what already exists’.
The GCF board decided to include country ownership in the proposal and project activity cycle where the GCF Secretariat upon receiving a concept note from an accredited entity would request that the focal point or NDA confirm that the presented concept note is within the country’s national priorities and country ownership.
With this therefore, the process of proposal or concept note development is envisaged to facilitate country ownership. Moreover, the board as well adopted the Country ownership guidelines.
Though adopted, more work is still to be done on the guidelines to ensure that country ownership is mandatory, that it does not stop at government ownership only but reflects a broader stakeholder ownership, the NDA or focal point take lead of this process and as well a system of evaluation of the country ownership is in place.
Africa needs to embrace country ownership for sustainability of climate change work supported by the GCF and as well access the financing for climate actions.
By Julius Karanja Mbatia,
GCF Fellow of the CSO GCF Readiness Project Fellowship Programme
The Pan African Climate Justice Alliance (PACJA) has been chosen as one of the key partners in a Governing Inclusive Green Growth in Africa (GIGGA) research project.
The project, which will be spearheaded by the University of Reading in the United Kingdom, seeks to lay a foundation for further research into the dynamics, prospects, and implications of green growth on the continent.
“Particular attention will be paid to understanding key challenges for leveraging green growth as a means to tackle inequality and poverty plus interventions that can be honed to transcend existing barriers to deliver results at scale and enhance sustainability,” read a description on their website.
The project comprises researchers from multiple disciplines, from UK, Africa, and India, African think tanks, civil society organisations and government departments.
The project seeks to achieve its objective by organizing workshops, mapping existing green growth activities on the continent, analyzing the political and social environment of African societies and assessing the current technology gap on the continent.
“Capacity will be built through collaborative planning, mentoring, and peer networks. Partnership with a leading research and policy think tank in India will promote South-South cooperation,” read the statement on their website.
The research will address issues on a continental level but will focus on Kenya, which has made efforts to embrace green development, Ethiopia, which is pursuing an ambitious green growth strategy, and Nigeria which is the most populous and biggest economy in Africa.
The project hopes to influence a greater understanding of current activities and patterns of greening in Africa and the implications for poverty reduction and sustainable development; the motivation of key actors, enabling and constraining political economy factors; key institutions and governance approaches; existing challenges, capacity needs/gaps; barriers and opportunities; potential lessons that can be learned from other developing countries, especially India; and identification of potential solutions and cutting-edge research agenda in the area, read the statement on their website.
The Governing Inclusive Green Growth in Africa (GIGGA), led by Professor Chukwumerije Okereke from the University of Reading, is a collaborative Network funded by the United Kingdom Research Council, under the Global Challenges Research Fund (GCRF).
Contact Person: Sam Ogallah
Partner: University of Reading
The Pan African Climate Justice Alliance is one of the key partners of the Governing Inclusive Green Growth in Africa research project spearheaded by the University of Reading in the United Kingdom.
The project comprises researchers from multiple disciplines, (from UK, Africa, and India), African think tanks, civil society organisations and government departments.
The proposed Network aims to lay the foundation for a robust assessment and understanding of the dynamics of green growth governance in Africa and the implications for sustainable economic transformation in the continent. Particular attention will be paid to understanding key challenges for leveraging green growth as a means to tackle inequality and poverty plus interventions that can be honed to transcend existing barriers to deliver results at scale and enhance sustainability.
Through a series of collaborative activities including: (i) workshops, (ii) mapping of existing green growth initiatives in Africa, (iii) initial political economy and socio-technical analysis; and (iv) an initial technology and capacity gap assessment, the network will lay a foundation for future research work in understanding the dynamics, prospects and limits of the green economy in Africa.
Capacity will be built through collaborative planning, mentoring, and peer networks. Partnership with a leading research and policy think tank in India will promote South-South cooperation.
Although the research will address issues on a continent-wide basis, the primary focus will be the following three countries: (i) Ethiopia, which is pursuing an ambitious growth agenda and greening strategy, simultaneously; (ii) Kenya, which has also made notable attempts to embrace the concept of greening development and is currently the first and only African country that has signed a national legislation on climate change; and (iii) Nigeria, the most populous and biggest economy in Africa, which has made some efforts at greening but is generally considered a laggard in this area (Okonkwo & Uwazie 2016).
The positive impact of GIGGA will come in many forms including better understanding of: (i) current activities and patterns of greening in Africa and the implications for poverty reduction and sustainable development; (ii) the motivation of key actors, (iii) enabling and constraining political economy factors; key institutions and governance approaches; (iv) existing challenges, capacity needs/gaps; barriers and opportunities; (v) potential lessons that can be learned from other developing countries, especially India; and (iii) identification of potential solutions and cutting-edge research agenda in the area.
Photo Courtesy of African Solar Designs
Representatives of pastoral organisations from Turkana, Taita Taveta, Machakos, Isiolo, Nakuru, Narok, Kajiado, and Wajir met at the Ngong Hills Hotel in Nairobi during a workshop organised by the Pan African Climate Justice Alliance.
The group was trained on various topics regarding food security and climate change by experts and other leaders in the community.
Below are a few images captured during the meeting:
A participant from ILRI presents during the workshop
Participants during a health break
Workshop participants take a group photo
Participants engage in group discussions during the Food Security and Climate Change in the context of Pastoralism held at Ngong Hills Hotel in Nairobi
Workshop Participants pay attention as a presenter explains his presentation
Workshop participants drawn from various pastoralist groups pay attention during a session
A participant speaks during a panel discussion
Food Security and Climate Change Workshop in the Context of Pastoralism
Engagement in climate change processes requires an understanding of climate change and its impact on pastoralism as a key food source in Kenya. A process that ensures enhancing of capacity to adapt and mitigate climate change at
A process that ensures enhancing of capacity to adapt and mitigate climate change at the pastoral community level and as well integration of community climate actions in government policies and plans is one that aims at achieving sustainability. Therefore, this training intervention sets out to build momentum to achieve sustained pastoralist climate actions with the aim of:
Therefore, this training intervention sets out to build momentum to achieve sustained pastoralist climate actions with the aim of:
influencing climate change policies, plans, and programmes at national, regional and international level
facilitating the adoption of climate-resilient approaches by local communities.
2015 was a critical year in the global policy debate particularly around climate change and sustainable development.
In September 2015, UN member states adopted the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), whose 7th goal focuses on affordable and clean energy while in December of the same year, member states unanimously adopted the COP21 Paris agreement, committing themselves to pursue development pathway that would reduce global emissions to a level well below 2°C as articulated under their respective Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs).
Policy makers around the world are exploring strategies that will promote access to clean, sustainable and affordable energy.
The continent of African has received considerable attention from the international community especially due to the immense Renewable Energy Potential it has, coupled with the significant amount of energy the continent needs to light up and power the region.
In the run-up to COP21 in Paris, Christian Aid and its partner organizations, key amongst them the Pan-African Climate Justice Alliance (PACJA)1 started a global campaign dubbed Big Shift International.
The campaign’s main aim is to influence a shift of investments away from Fossil Fuel to Renewable Energy (RE), while at the same time demanding for the delivery of clean, sustainable, affordable and reliable energy to the millions of energy poor populations.
Initial activities for this campaign in Africa involved pilot research on energy policies from 3 countries (Malawi, Kenya and Ethiopia) in order to provide the necessary evidence for policy and advocacy work.
This was later followed by validation exercise for the research findings, then consolidation of an action plan to influence energy policies at the local, national, regional and international level. From these exercise, one thing that was evident was that although the demand for access to clean energy in the country is high, appreciation of the government’s policies and strategies for the energy sector is still low, both at the national, as well as the sub-national level.
This thus complicates the public’s level of engagement with the policy makers, both in terms of playing their crucial part in the realization of this agenda, as well as demanding for access of the same from the government. Recognizing this, Christian2 , PACJA & ACSEA3 (African Coalition for Sustainable Energy & Access) have organized a series of activities between June & July to mobilize and educate the public and popularize the energy agenda.
African Civil Societies have called on key institutions in the Green Climate Fund (including NDAs and national focal points, relevant ministries, implementing entities, the GCF Board and the GCF Secretariat) to ensure transparency and accountability of procedures and structured and effective engagement of civil society.
Dakar-Sénégal- Avant la rédaction du livre de règles de Paris et les préparatifs du Dialogue de facilitation de 2018, les grands groupes présents aux sessions de la pré-AMCEN de cette année ont demandé aux gouvernements africains de faire le point sur l'état actuel de la mise en œuvre des contributions nationales déterminées (NDC) et d'identifier les barrières Cela doit être abordé en vue d'améliorer l'ambition au-delà de ce qui existe actuellement en tant que NDC.
S'exprimant lors de l'atelier de la société civile africaine qui a annoncé la 16e session de la Conférence ministérielle africaine sur l'environnement à Libreville, au Gabon, Sam Ogallah, de l'Alliance panafricaine de la justice (PACJA), a insisté sur le besoin du Dialogue facilitant 2018 (FD2018) Les opportunités où les pays peuvent accroître leur ambition.