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CLIMATE CHANGE, CONFLICTS & MIGRATION IN THE HORN OF AFRICA

The question on the link between climate change and conflicts in the Horn of Africa has constantly come up as a factor in conflict and climate change dynamics at the regional and international levels. In order to address this matter, FES and PACJA have begun to engage stakeholders in the Horn of Africa to unpack the complexity of conflict and its relationship with climate change – how conflicts transcend borders and generally how the two issues can be weaved together.

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Transforming Energy for a Clean and Sustainable Future in Africa,Discussion paper.

Energy is the key component in the mitigation response to combatting climate change. If dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate is to be avoided this century, a worldwide transition to renewable energy sources needs to take place urgently. The African continent is facing a particularly key moment in its development pathway, with a stark choice to be made between either following the same high carbon path pursued by industrialized countries or concentrating its growth on low-carbon climate-resilient development. Demand for energy is exploding in Africa, as countries develop economically and per capita, energy use rises as per capita incomes grow1. The continent has the natural resources required to provide renewable sources of energy, some of which are already being exploited. Global investments in renewable energy grew by 32 percent between 2009 and 2010, to a record US$211 billion, with countries in Africa posting the highest percentage increase of all developing regions (excluding the emerging economies of Brazil, China, and India). However, there are still significant obstacles to the large scale and widespread provision of clean energy in Africa and a worrying dependence on fossil fuels remains. To transform the continent, economic growth must be decarbonized, which will require a transformation of both energy policies and practices. A paradigm shift is needed, with a new approach that focuses on effective energy governance and the promotion of inclusive and sustainable growth. Choosing this path is essential both for the good of the planet and the development of Africa.

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TAssesing EbA Integration into Kitui County Policies as a major response to climate change, policy brief

In Kitui County, mainstreaming EbA into policy will promote an integrated approach to climate change impacts and can robustly address both the climatic extreme events and sustainability issues. The key purpose of mainstreaming is to achieve the goals of ensuring healthy and productive ecosystems and promote adaptation practices as part of overall development interventions.

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