ANGAZA PROJECT BRIEF
1.1 Angaza Project
Running for 2 years from September 2017, the Angaza project aims at strengthening civil society for improved engagement in climate change governance in Kenya. The Angaza project has a national reach covering all geographical areas and sectors of the Kenyan economy and specifically targets three objectives;
- To catalyse and facilitate civil society and broader citizen participation in the implementation of the National Climate Change Act, 2016, review of the National Climate Change Action Plan (2018-2022), Implementation of the Nationally Determined Contributions and Influence the National Climate Change Council.
- To track and monitor climate financing to ensure National Budget allocated for climate change and other climate finance streams meet the needs of the most vulnerable communities at the frontline of climate change impacts.
- To solidify gains achieved in the coordination of diverse groups aimed at consolidating a unified civil society voice in national climate change policy dialogues and interventions.
The Momentum Committee facilitated by PACJA brings together various networks (Youth, Indigenous groups, Faith based networks, gender) and sector specific civil society organizations (Water, Agriculture, etc) ensure that their issues are championed in the climate change policy space. Through the Momentum Committee, the technical expertise within the Thematic Working groups and which this project also strives to enhance will also enhance individual organizations capacity to implement their key focus areas. At the end of this project it is envisaged that the Momentum Committee will evolve into an acceptable platform bringing together civil society groups from all thematic and sectoral orientations to drive climate people-centred issues in the broader climate governance arena.
1.2 Context and Rationale
There is a huge gap between climate change policy formulation and implementation. In order to enhance citizen action on climate change adaptation and resilience, existing climate change governance framework should be interrogated to trigger its implementation. The Climate Change Act, 2016 provides overarching climate legislation with regard to; policy coordination and oversight, response measures and actions, public participation and access to information as well as financial provisions. On the other hand National Climate Change Action Plan (2013-2017) provides key adaptation and mitigation priorities for the country as well as the financial needs in the implementation of the Plan. With just one year to go before the current NCCAP expires, there is need to reflect back and examine whether its objectives were achieved. This will serve as a baseline for the design of the subsequent Action Plan, to run from 2018 to 2022.
2017, thus, will be an important year for the climate change stakeholders, as it will mark the conclusion of an important milestone, while kicking off consultations on an equally crucial process that will lay a foundation for the subsequent five years. This will happen at the backdrop of the ratification of the Paris Agreement, which requires countries to develop and submit their nationally Determined Contributions (NDC) as part of their commitment to contribute to global climate action. Kenya’s NDC, which aims at cutting down emissions by 30% by the year 2030, is aligned to the NCCAP and therefore meeting this goal will be a key milestone in the implementation of the Country’s climate change response strategies. The implementation of the provisions of the Paris Agreement, the national Climate Change Act, 2016, the NDCs and consultations on the 2018 – 2022 NCCAP will require a strong voice from civil society backed by a solid knowledge on the changing landscape in national/international climate change interactions. Periodic analysis to unpack complex issues and research to facilitate evidence-based advocacy will uphold the relevance of civil society contribution in policy-making processes. Partnerships with academia and research institutions will be instrumental in providing synergy between policy and research hence well informed decisions and prudent utilisation of resources with respect to the Country climate needs.
As envisioned in the Theory of Change of the Angaza Project, effective climate change governance in Kenya will be achieved when there is coordination among civil society to engage and advocate for a transparent, accountable, participatory climate change governance process. This will be possible when civil society explores ways to work together on thematic issues within climate change and the capacity of thematic working groups to meaningfully collaborate under the newly enacted Climate Change Act 2016 regime. This will enable participatory development processes of under-arching climate change policies, strategies and plans and influence positive change in both the attitudes and behaviour of citizens and government, making government as a whole more responsive and accountable on climate change matters. This will be realized through inclusive participation of all stakeholders based on a complimentary approach to support government led climate change processes. The approach will be based on improved and enhanced CSO capacity to comprehensively engage and provide stakeholder-informed interventions through an enhanced participatory role. Through the Momentum committee, strengthened CSO thematic working groups provide informed input, technical review papers and information on climate change processes including government led climate change interventions with participation of CSOs. The voices and contribution from CSO will then form part of actions to monitor national and county government plans, actions and performance.
1.3 Goal of Thematic Working Groups
To leverage the technical expertise and experience of thematic working group members to promote views and inputs of civil society and broader citizenry in the review of the National Climate Change Action Plan (2018-2022), implementation of the Nationally Determined Contributions and implementation of the National Climate Change Act 2016.
Proposed Thematic Working Groups
- Climate Adaptation
- Climate Mitigation
- Technology transfer and capacity building
- Climate Finance
- Gender and marginalized groups