The PanAfrican Climate Justice Alliance held a three-day workshop in Isiolo to educate the county governments and CSOs on Green Climate Fund (GCF). The event, with a hashtag #GreenClimateFundAccessandModalities - Isiolo edition, was intended to sensitize and create awareness on opportunities surrounding the GCF and how to grab them.
The training, jointly done with the National Treasury, encouraged the participants – county government officials and CSOs from Wajir, Mandera, Garissa, Marsabit, Tana River and Isiolo Counties – to identify bankable projects concepts for further development.
Peter Odhengo, a Senior Policy Advisor on Climate Finance/Green Climate Fund NDA at the National Treasury, gave the audience a good overview of GCF. He said the Green Climate Fund was highly dependent on climate-sensitive sectors such as Agriculture, Water and Tourism, with more than 50% of the total Gross Domestic Product (GDP).
Mr Odhengo urged participants not to behave as if Kenya was an exception in the climate crisis. Odhengo said research had shown that floods cost 5.5% of GDP every 7 years while drought accounted for 8% every 5 years.
He enlightened participants on opportunities in Climate Finance, such as use of electric cars, solar and wind energy as well as electric trains. The trainees were taken through the evolution of climate finance.
Peninah Karira, from the State of Department of Planning, made it clear that Medium Term Plan (MTP) was in line with the SDG. Aron Wanjohi, from the National Environment Management Authority (Nema) took the participants through the process of accessing Adaptation Fund, which was established under the Kyoto Protocol. Mr Wanjohi also took the participants through the National Implementing Entity (NIE) financial status. He outlined Nema’s key achievements on the matter, including mentoring Malawi and Zimbabwe to access climate fund and how the system works.
The Isiolo participants were also enlightened on Nema and GCF, created by the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and accredited on 9th March 2016.
Nema can submit proposals of up to $10 million.
Wanjohi emphasized that Nema was available for technical support in developing proposals for organizations. He shared the steps taken to come up with Concept Notes and full Funding Proposals for the SAP.
Odhengo told participants that donors were interested to see the policy framework from both National & County government for them to release money. The objective of the funds was said to be key. Some of the uses of the fund are to provide loans, grants and equity for climate change research and innovation and for implementing agencies in business, industry and civil society.
The source of the fund was part of the issues tackled. Participants were told the fund came from levy fees on services rendered from the funds, grants, receipts from climate funds, interests from investment and loans and commercial benefits arising from research products financed by the funds.
Odhengo explained that the green climate bond was money generated from stock exchange and used for environmental benefits.
Areas prioritized for funding were found to be Water, Renewable Energy, Livestock Resilience Building, Food Security, Infrastructure, Natural Resource Restoration, Conflict, Insecurity and Unemployment.
The participants pointed out some risks involved in the process of acquiring the funds. They include lack of political goodwill, technological challenge, corruption and insecurity.
As the way forward, Odhengo said he only gave out the road-map to acquiring the funds. It was agreed that this was just the beginning; as “the journey of a thousand miles begins with one step”.
“Even though your proposals may be approved, the bigger task lies in managing the funds,” Odhengo said.
The participants promised to roll up their sleeves and start with the journey.
The Panafrican Climate Justice Alliance has received a boost in its efforts to fight the climate crisis.
In recognition of the incredible work that PACJA Gabon is carrying out, the government has mandated the alliance to control and manage $270,000 intended for community sensitization on Land use planning and REDD+.
At the same time, PACJA Gabon will be convening a meeting for 120 members of the Gabonese parliament on 27th May 2019 to lobby for laws that support REDD+ implementation of REDD+ in the country. This is towards achieving objective 2 of the FCPF REDD+ project that PACJA is implementing and which is supported by World Bank. This demonstrates incredible convening power of PACJA in Africa.
The Government of Gabon further threw its weight behind the alliance with a pledge to support the FCPF capacity building project for CSOs on REDD+.
The FCPF project has had a great impact in communities, with the government now saying it is pleased with the role PACJA Gabon is playing in raising awareness on REDD+ throughout the country.
PACJA has demonstrated incredible capacity to mobilise CSOs and communities in general and to rally them behind implementation of REDD+ in Gabon.
The Government of Gabon has adopted a unique approach to implementation of REDD+ in the country, where this concept is embedded in the national development planning. Land use planning has been viewed as the main strategy in REDD+ implementation in the country.
Lundovic Ngok Bomak from the REDD+ office in Gabon addressing a delegation from PACJA secretariet. Mr Lundovic announced that the Government of Gabon will fund PACJA Gabon to support implementation of REDD+ since the government has realized the potential and capacity of PACJA Gabon in mobilizing and awareness creation targeting CSOs and communities
Currently, PACJA Gabon is implementing FCPF REDD+ project which aims at development of capacities of Gabon's community stakeholders to participate actively in the implementation of the REDD+ process in Gabon with the following objectives:
Sensitizing communities on the progress of REDD+ in Gabon, history and challenges of REDD+ in Gabon, in-depth analysis of the R-PIN and R-PP Gabon, presentations of the response strategy to the implementation of REDD + in Gabon.
Improving the understanding of members of civil society platforms engaged in REDD mainly, and other participants on topical issues related to environmental protection, REDD +, Climate change, sustainable development, gender and social equity;
To inform, sensitize and share lessons learned during international workshops initiated by PACJA and its partners on the involvement of CSOs, local communities, women and indigenous peoples in the REDD + process.
Lobbying authorities and development partners for the establishment of an inclusive and multi sectoral national REDD + platform as an advisory and follow-up advisory body but also a key partner of the State of Gabon in the preparation and implementation of REDD +;
Developing a plan of strategic and operational actions of civil society for its effective contribution in the PACJA Gabon will be convening a meeting for 120 members of Gabonese parliament on 27th May 2019 to lobby for laws that support REDD+ implementation of REDD+ in the country. This is towards achieving objective 2 of the FCPF REDD+ project that PACJA is implementing and which is supported by World Bank. This demonstrates incredible convening power of PACJA in Africa.implementation and monitoring of the REDD + process in Gabon,
Information and sensitization campaigns for indigenous peoples and forest dwellers potentially targeted by REDD + on land allocation. These are mainly Pygmy communities.
The PanAfrican Climate Justice Alliance has sent a team from its secretariat in Nairobi to Gabon to follow up on projects started and funded there since last year.
Gabonese PACJA national coordinator Fabrice Ntchango, accompanied by Arnold Ngoueni Lendouba, the ODD focal point, landed in the country on the west coast of Central Africa on Wednesday, and was busy from Thursday reviewing the activities supported by Pacja one year after launching the Gabon Chapter and the Gabonese Platform for Climate, Energy and Sustainable Development (PCED). The projects were launched with the support of the Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development and the Gabonese Office of the United Nations System.
The team from Nairobi comprised of PACJA’s Political and Technical Affairs Committee Chair Augustine B Njamnshi, Salina Sanou, Gracia Mgaria and Charles Mwangi. They met with the Director General of the Environment and Protection of Nature Emmanuel Ngoni Bayani, Serge Nolly Allô'o Allô'o, who is the DGA CNAP, together with René Mbozo and Lunegonde Mouele, both of DCEPN.
Mr Njamnshi thanked the Director of the Environment and Nature Protection for his time and congratulated him for his appointment as Director General, recalling that the two of them had been brothers and the voice of African civil society to be heard in biodiversity’s conservation and protection.
Mr Ntchango commended the creation of the Gabonese chapter of PACJA and highlighted some of the activities the platform carried out for the one year it had been operational.
He presented the achievements made with the team he coordinates, and highlighted some of the short and medium-term prospects.
They include collaboration between the Environment and Nature Protection Department of Gabon and PACJA, following interventions by Mrs Sanou and Mr Mwangi, both who respectively support the idea that African CSOs should engage with and fit in government programs.
Sanou and Mwangi have also urged non-State actors and State actors to be much more involved in conservation and protection of biodiversity as is the case in Gabon.
The Panafrican Climate Justice Alliance (Pacja) has changed focus to the grassroots to achieve faster mitigation and adaptation to effects of climate change.
Climate change has greatly affected rain patterns and caused high temperatures, flooding, livestock diseases, water shortage, all which affect the human populations economically, on matters nutrition and their general health.
Effects of Climate change are evidenced in Embu County as currently felt through unpredictable and unreliable Rainfall (both annual and seasonal), steadily increased temperatures and emerging pests and diseases.
The climate crisis has a gender dimension to it, especially when it comes to getting potable water.
Women and children tend to be the ones tasked with that job, and sometimes have to walk several miles to access water. On their ways to the scanty water points they risk being attacked or abused sexually as has been reported in the media previously.
The same lot gets overworked, as it is still tasked with house chores and looking after their livestock where there are.
They are, therefore, an important focus in the Pacja work.
The negative effects of climate change also include reduced agricultural production, reduced food security, increased cases of drought, widespread disease epidemics, and increased risk of conflict over scarce land and water resources.
A few people have adapted to the changes, but many are those who suffer diseases or inflation.
Last week Pacja conducted a training of Local Government officials who are mostly in touch with local communities in an attempt to empower them and impart more knowledge and the latest ideas on climate change.
We met community members and chiefs from Kamarandi, Kamwangi, and Iriatune Locations within Embu County.
The residents of Embu county had started to cope through various adaptation strategies which include agricultural production diversification, planting of drought tolerant crops, water harvesting, soil fertility manipulation, soil conservation, conservation agriculture and climate information use.
Despite the commitment of the farmers to the aforementioned efforts, little achievement has been made considering the little knowledge, inadequate capacity, finances and technical knowhow coupled with little or no commitment from the county and national governments in supporting effective and sustainable adaptation.
This caused the need to build capacity of the local leaders and the community, who will later become the champions of climate change adaptation at the community level.
There were at least 40 participants in the two-day training comprising of NRM Group leaders, religious leaders, opinion leaders, locals and OSA-ISHIARA parish project staff.
The training was conducted to ensure the capacity of representatives of the local community of Evurore ward of Embu County was adequate on natural resource management and climate change adaptation while focusing on socio economic activities that are adversely affecting the state of the natural resource management within the ward and county as well as contributing to climate change. The focus was on:
- Deforestation, which is mainly caused by the local population in the quest for getting fuel wood and charcoal
- Sand harvesting especially in Mbeere North and Mbeere South sub-counties. The county’s decision makers were found to be at peace with the economic activity as it was a good income generator
- Water resource pollution resulting from various human activities attributed to agricultural development and other minor industrial work.
- General land degradation attributed to high levels of soil erosion due to overgrazing and other forms of over exploitation of the land resources.
- The facilitator should also attribute various topics to the different agro ecological zones within the county.
The training was held at Mountain Breeze Hotel in Embu between May 16 and May 17, 2019.
The participants were happy with the training and they called for more sessions.
The participants learnt about the causes of land degradation, climate change, and climate change policies and how they could prevent the land degradation and also adapt to climate change.
Participants requested to be climate change champions in their various groups that they lead and be the trainers of trainers on matters climate change.
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