“Addressing climate change requires collaborative efforts at both international, national, subnational levels, working in partnership with private sector, academia, civil society and communities, and no one should be left behind on any of the processes as the impact of climate Change is all encompassing.”Hellen Kuria, senior Programme Manager at PACJA said at the opening of the Post CoP 24 workshop at the Intercontinental in Nairobi.
Pan- African Climate Justice Alliance co-hosted the national stakeholders’ workshop on post 24th Session of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC COP 24), workshop on 28th February 2019 at Intercontinental hotel in Nairobi.
The one-day meeting served as a platform to report back to the stakeholders of the Climate on the outcomes of CoP-24 outcomes as well as interrogate their implication for Kenya’s Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) implementation, climate change interventions and development initiatives.
The UN Climate Change Conference (CoP24) took place from 2nd -14th December, 2018 in Katowice, Poland where the Kenya delegation was led by the Cabinet Secretary of Environment and Forestry Hon. Keriako Tobiko. The civil society fraternity was ably represented by the PACJA family from across the continent.
Dr. Charles Mutai, Director Climate Change at the Ministry of Environment and Forestry highlighted that, CoP 24 was complex as most of the technical negotiations were unresolved and the CoP presidency had to intervene in a number of these cases. The outcome of CoP 24 is known as “The Katowice Climate Package” outlines the modalities, guidelines and procedures for operation and use of Public Registry, National Determined Contributions, (NDCs) enhanced framework for adaptation, transition of the Kyoto Protocol to Paris Agreement, and how to advance information on financial support to developing countries.
The Katowice Climate Change Conference was also the 14th Session of the Conference of the Parties serving as the Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (CMP 14); the Third Part of the 1st Session of the Conference of the Parties serving as the Meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement (CMA 1-3) and 7th part of the first session of the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Paris Agreement (APA 1.7). In addition, the 49th Sessions of the Subsidiary Bodies (SBSTA 49 and SBI 49) also took place at the same period.
There is a general consensus among the Climate change fraternity that while CoP24 outcomes generally resonate with Kenya’s position for Climate change, commitment for support is weak there were critical decisions and outcomes realized during CoP24 which have implications on how Kenya implements and reports on her Climate Change initiatives which include the following.
- There is need for common Portal for Mitigation and Adaptation. The interim registry to be presented to the parities by June 2019.
- Establishment of Katowice Committee of Experts to develop a 6-year work plan on impacts of implementation of response measures. The committee of experts to review the work-plan by 15th April 2019
- Adaptation communication will be part of the Nationally Determined Contributions in order to increase visibility and profile of adaptation. it should be voluntary, not post additional burden to countries and will be not be subjected to technical review. It should however be linked to Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), Sendai framework to disaster risk reduction 2015 – 2030.
- Public Registry pro-type to be developed by June 2019. Other stakeholders including, non-state actors, private sector can access the registry.
- On means of implementation, there is need balance funding for adaptation and mitigation and for predictability and transparency on climate finance. Developed countries will therefore provide information on support provided while developing countries will provide information on finance needs supported. Collective quantified goal scale of funding is USD 100 per year and new target will be set in 2025.
- Parties determined to keep adaptation a domestic matter. The Adaptation fund shall serve Paris Agreement under guidance of meeting of the parties (CMA). Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) shall be replaced by sustainable adaptation mechanism.
- Education, training and awareness shall be called “Action on Climate Empowerment. Parties committed to capacity building and will be enhanced through regional, multilateral, and bilateral arrangements.
- Linkages between technology development and financing mechanism was complemented at CoP 24.
- Parties shall submit biennial transparency report and national inventory report.
Some of the Unresolved matters
- There was no consensus on time frames for reviewing the Nationally Determined Contributions. Some are doing it in 5 years while others are proposing 10 years.
- Transition to Clean Development Mechanisms while meeting safeguards that is addition of baseline requirements, environmental integrity and alignment of parties NDCs;
- Sectors to include or exclude in the determining nationally determined contributions (NDCs) given the unique circumstances of countries.
- Emissions trading systems – some countries are against commercialization of nature “mother earth”
The workshop brought together all stakeholders, from government, academic institutions, Private sector development partners, civil society organizations and grassroot organizations to reflect on the CoP 24 outcomes and their implications