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The GCF, established by the international community as a financial arrangement to support climate action under the United Nations Climate Change Convention (UNFCCC) is still in its initial stages of being set up.

Various processes are being undertaken at the fund to set up working efficient and supportive structures that will deliver on the mandate of the fund.

The GCF is supposed to ensure that climate change finances promote ownership by individual target countries result in transformation at the country and community level, cause long-term impacts that are sustainable and come accompanied with environmental, economic and social benefits.

Although the GCF is still in its initial stages of setting up, the GCF Board together with stakeholders such as Civil Society Organizations are working tirelessly to inform this process in a bid to have a global fund with both global and efficient standards that make it possible for developing countries impacted by climate change to access financing.

It is these financial resources that enable the addressing of climate change impacts through coping and combating climate change.

“How does Africa own the GCF process and benefit as well?”

This is a million-dollar question for African countries. One that needs to be answered with supportive insights by African leadership and all African stakeholders.

At the 17th Board meeting of the GCF in Songdo, Korea, a report on Readiness and Preparatory Support Work Programme; a programme that aims to facilitate through provision of financing developing countries understanding of the GCF process, be involved and as well set up nationally required structures to enable accessing of fiancé by countries; shared by the GCF Secretariat caught my attention.

The report showed that there exist 42 approved Readiness support projects by the GCF that total to an amount of USD12.9M. 42 countries stand to benefit. This financing flows to the country through either the National Designated Authority or Focal point office and intends to support country project(s) development, national stakeholder engagement, strengthening of the capacity of accredited entities, the GCF preparatory process in African countries and development of adaptation planning process.

Successful climate actions in developing countries are a mix of both innovative ideas generated through multi-stakeholder consultative process involving also accredited entities from concept generation, development, design and implementation.

Good practice dictates that involvement is necessary to facilitate ownership. Moreover, having agreed upon actions by all involved parties provides the society an opportunity to make all-inclusive decisions that are binding assuring security and sustainability of country actions. Informed by this, the NDA or Focal Point who play the role of coordinating country GCF engagement has a mandate to ensure good practice to facilitate ownership.

Setting up National Coordination Mechanism with representation from all stakeholder and as well initiating formal consultations with stakeholders are ways to enable meaningful engagement.

This will demonstrate country ownership and acceptance of climate interventions at the country level. With such arrangement, participation and partnerships are forged in country programming that entails identification of a country’s priority areas, project preparation process at both design, development and implementation level and country preparation for the GCF process.

With continuous engagement, country ownership is facilitated and made a reality.

In the just concluded 17th Board Meeting of the Green Climate Fund, Country Ownership was laid emphasis on.

It was within the agenda as ‘Country Ownership Guidelines’ and was as well discussed. The Country Ownership Guidelines document had been presented to the board multiple times and its presentation in BM 17 with no much difference in comparison to the earlier version was of disappointment with CSO communicating that it ‘re-stated what already exists’.

The GCF board decided to include country ownership in the proposal and project activity cycle where the GCF Secretariat upon receiving a concept note from an accredited entity would request that the focal point or NDA confirm that the presented concept note is within the country’s national priorities and country ownership.

With this therefore, the process of proposal or concept note development is envisaged to facilitate country ownership. Moreover, the board as well adopted the Country ownership guidelines.

Though adopted, more work is still to be done on the guidelines to ensure that country ownership is mandatory, that it does not stop at government ownership only but reflects a broader stakeholder ownership, the NDA or focal point take lead of this process and as well a system of evaluation of the country ownership is in place.

Africa needs to embrace country ownership for sustainability of climate change work supported by the GCF and as well access the financing for climate actions.

By Julius Karanja Mbatia,

GCF Fellow of the CSO GCF Readiness Project Fellowship Programme

The Pan African Climate Justice Alliance (PACJA) has been chosen as one of the key partners in a Governing Inclusive Green Growth in Africa (GIGGA) research project.

The project, which will be spearheaded by the University of Reading in the United Kingdom, seeks to lay a foundation for further research into the dynamics, prospects, and implications of green growth on the continent.

“Particular attention will be paid to understanding key challenges for leveraging green growth as a means to tackle inequality and poverty plus interventions that can be honed to transcend existing barriers to deliver results at scale and enhance sustainability,” read a description on their website. 

The project comprises researchers from multiple disciplines, from UK, Africa, and India, African think tanks, civil society organisations and government departments.

The project seeks to achieve its objective by organizing workshops, mapping existing green growth activities on the continent, analyzing the political and social environment of African societies and assessing the current technology gap on the continent.

“Capacity will be built through collaborative planning, mentoring, and peer networks. Partnership with a leading research and policy think tank in India will promote South-South cooperation,” read the statement on their website.

The research will address issues on a continental level but will focus on Kenya, which has made efforts to embrace green development, Ethiopia, which is pursuing an ambitious green growth strategy, and Nigeria which is the most populous and biggest economy in Africa. 

PLANNED IMPACT

The project hopes to influence a greater understanding of current activities and patterns of greening in Africa and the implications for poverty reduction and sustainable development; the motivation of key actors, enabling and constraining political economy factors; key institutions and governance approaches; existing challenges, capacity needs/gaps; barriers and opportunities; potential lessons that can be learned from other developing countries, especially India; and identification of potential solutions and cutting-edge research agenda in the area, read the statement on their website.

The Governing Inclusive Green Growth in Africa (GIGGA), led by Professor Chukwumerije Okereke from the University of Reading, is a collaborative Network funded by the United Kingdom Research Council, under the Global Challenges Research Fund (GCRF).

 

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Representatives of pastoral organisations from Turkana, Taita Taveta, Machakos, Isiolo, Nakuru, Narok, Kajiado, and Wajir met at the Ngong Hills Hotel in Nairobi during a workshop organised by the Pan African Climate Justice Alliance.

The group was trained on various topics regarding food security and climate change by experts and other leaders in the community.

Below are a few images captured during the meeting:

A participant from ILRI presents during the workshop

Participants during a health break

 

Workshop participants take a group photo

Participants engage in group discussions during the Food Security and Climate Change in the context of Pastoralism held at Ngong Hills Hotel in Nairobi

Workshop Participants pay attention as a presenter explains his presentation

Workshop participants drawn from various pastoralist groups pay attention during a session

A participant speaks during a panel discussion

African Civil Societies have called on key institutions in the Green Climate Fund (including NDAs and national focal points, relevant ministries, implementing entities, the GCF Board and the GCF Secretariat) to ensure transparency and accountability of procedures and structured and effective engagement of civil society.

Story by PAMACC
 
Ahead of the writing of the Paris rulebook and preparations for the 2018 Facilitative Dialogue, Major Groups attending this year’s Pre-AMCEN sessions have called on African governments to take stock of the current status of implementation of the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) and identify barriers that need to be addressed with a view to enhancing ambition beyond what currently exists as NDCs.
 
Speaking at the African civil society workshop heralding the 16th session of the African Ministerial Conference on the Environment in Libreville, Gabon, Sam Ogallah of the Pan African Justice Alliance (PACJA) stressed the need for the 2018 Facilitative Dialogue (FD2018) to specifically highlight potential opportunities where countries can increase their ambition.
 
“The FD2018 process, should as matter of priority recognize that collective ambition in current NDCs remains inadequate to pursue effort to limit warming to 1.5°C or 2°C. It should enhance ambition and commitment from Parties to make new pledges and submit updated or new NDCs ahead of 2020 which should be sufficiently ambitious to close the emission gap, and identify what further work is needed to enable countries to enhance their ambition, especially in countries with lower capabilities” he said.

Story by PAMACC

Leading non-state actors and civil society groups from across Africa have called on African governments to kick-start the process of designing an African Rule Book for the implementation of the Paris Agreement.
 
The book, according to them, will help in galvanising a robust presentation of African perspectives in the Paris Rule Book which is being formulated.
 
The call was made today at the ongoing civil society consultative talks which precedes the 16th session of the African Ministerial Conference on Environment (AMCEN) in Libreville, Gabon.
 
Recognising the strategic importance of the Paris Rule Book to the implementation of the climate agreement, the non-state stakeholders urged African environment ministers to ensure that the continent is not left behind in the efforts at crafting the regulatory framework for the implementation of the Paris Agreement.
 
“We want an African rule Book for the implementation of the Paris Agreement that will better measure and manage climate action and support in the light of varying quality and level of information included in countries’ national climate plans (NDCs),” John Bideri, the Co-Chair of the Pan African Climate Justice Alliance (PACJA) said.

Dakar-Sénégal- Avant la rédaction du livre de règles de Paris et les préparatifs du Dialogue de facilitation de 2018, les grands groupes présents aux sessions de la pré-AMCEN de cette année ont demandé aux gouvernements africains de faire le point sur l'état actuel de la mise en œuvre des contributions nationales déterminées (NDC) et d'identifier les barrières Cela doit être abordé en vue d'améliorer l'ambition au-delà de ce qui existe actuellement en tant que NDC.  

 

S'exprimant lors de l'atelier de la société civile africaine qui a annoncé la 16e session de la Conférence ministérielle africaine sur l'environnement à Libreville, au Gabon, Sam Ogallah, de l'Alliance panafricaine de la justice (PACJA), a insisté sur le besoin du Dialogue facilitant 2018 (FD2018) Les opportunités où les pays peuvent accroître leur ambition.  

PACJA, CSOs have issued petition against interference with African Renewable Energy Initiative

Civil Society Organisations led by the Pan African Justice Alliance (PACJA) have issued a petition against the derailing of the African Renewable Energy Initiative’s mandate. The petition which was signed by over 100 civil society organizations was released April 2017.

Speaking during a side event organized by PACJA and Christian Aid (CA), PACJA Secretary General Mithika Mwenda noted that they had high hopes that the African Renewable Energy Initiative would help alleviate energy poverty in the continent but their hopes seem to be hanging in the balance.

“The civil society drove and celebrated the African Renewable Energy Initiative which we thought would alleviate energy poverty in Africa but recent developments make us worried about commitment in addressing climate change and renewable energy poverty in Africa,” he said.

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